Nearly one-third of all the carbon dioxide (CO2) that is released into the atmosphere is absorbed by Earth’s oceans. While this process slows the rate of climate change, a negative aspect of this cycle is ocean acidification. By changing the natural pH balance of Earth’s waters, animals who live in the sea and those that depend on the sea for food will soon have to learn how to readjust to the ever changing watery landscape. While this process is well documented among marine animals such as lobster, crabs, and corals in more tropical waters near the Florida Keys, the effects acidification has on organisms in the Arctic Ocean is still relatively unknown.
The above video from the U.S Geological Survey (USGS) details some of the basics of ocean acidification, and provides an overview of their mission to document the effects of ocean acidification.